Black-Tailed Jack Rabbit

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This is the Black-Tailed Jack Rabbit's biome

1. The mammal I chose to study is:
Lepus californicus
2. The common name of my mammal is:

The Black-tailed Jack Rabbit
3. The classification of my mammal:
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order:Lagomorpha
Family: Leporidae
Genus: Lepus
Species: californicus

4. What are some of the animal’s physical adaptations to its environment?

  • Legs so they can jump high and long in a chase
  • Big ears so they can hear predators stalking them
5. What are some of the organism’s behavioral adaptations to its environment?

  • They flatten there ears so they are difficult to see.
  • They scatter their speed with high long jumps
6. What is the role of your organism in the food chain? Be specific about role as a producer, consumer or decomposer. If a consumer, then describe the food preferences, like herbivore, carnivore or omnivore.The jackrabbit eats the plants and the predators eat the jackrabbit.The role of the jackrabbit is a consumer. The jackrabbit is a herbivore.
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7. Describe the biome where this organism lives.

  • The jackrabbit lives in the desert. A desert is an area that receives less than 25 centimeters of rainfall. Some deserts are hot while others are cold. The vegetation has learned to adapt in the desert as well like the saguaro cactus has a stem that expands to get water when it is raining. To survive in the desert you need to adapt habits to keep your internal conditions stable because of the lack of rain.

8. Discuss the status of the species. Is it plentiful, threatened, endangered or extinct?

  • The jackrabbit is plentiful and they are most plentiful in California.They are not endangered or threatened in any way.

9. How do humans impact your organism? (Hot Tip: Think of the HIPPO dilemma – handout)


  • Humans barely impact my mammal because it lives out in the desert where there are not that many people. Some people try to trap them but rarely succeed because the jackrabbit's ears can hear the slightest motion of a person creeping up. The jackrabbit also is fast and could make the person eat it's dust.

10. Identify the place(s) on the map where your organism lives. Color in the map accordingly.
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The Legend of Why the Black-Tailed Jackrabbit Has Big Ears

One day the Black-Tailed Jackrabbit was walking through the desert. His name was Bo. All the other types of rabbits made fun of Bo because all of them had big ears, while his were as big as a bug. While he was walking through the desert the sun was going down. The moon was shining brightly. The rabbit on the moon came down on his Moon Chariot. “Oh moon, how can my ears can become big?” asked Bo. “Go to the den where the forked cactus is. There the King Snake will help you,” said the moon. So when the sun came up Bo went off. After he was sure that the whole thing was a hallucination he saw a cactus right there in front of him. Hanging on the cactus were forks. Bo finally thought he had made it. Right under the cactus was a hole just the size he could fit in. When he came in there was a whole kingdom right before his eyes. He went inside the castle and saw a snake sitting on a throne with a crown on his head. This was the King Snake. Bo pleaded,” Please may you make my ears big and long?” “Yes, I will do that but I will ask you for one request,” answered the King. “Yes?” Bo said. “To eat you!” exclaimed the King. The King bit on his ears and pulled. Bo pulled back. For a long time they tugged back and forth. Finally Bo escaped and quickly ran out of the hole. Bo went to the water hole and wrapped his ears for they were bleeding very badly. He looked in the reflection of the water. There he saw him and his huge ears.




11. Amazing facts:

  • They can change their speed quickly to get away from predators.
  • Their ears are huge so they can hear the slightest sound of a predator creeping up on them.
  • They have adapted a behavioral so that their big ears won't be spotted by their predators. This adaption is to flatten their ears.
  • The black tailed jackrabbit is not a rabbit, but a hare.
12. Bibliography
http://www.desertusa.com/july96/du_rabbi.html
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/jackrabbit.htm

http://www.nhptv.org/Natureworks/blacktailedjack.htm