American Bison

1) The mammal I choose to study is:
The American Bison

2) The common name of my mammal is:
The American Bison is commonly known as the American Buffalo which is misleading because it is only distantly related to two species of Buffalo, the The Asian Buffalo (Water Buffalo), and the African Buffalo.
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3) The classification of my mammal is:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Bison
Species: American Bison

4) What are some of the mammal's phisical adaptions to its enviroment?
The American Bison is very large and heavy its predators are afraid of its size. The American Bison also has large sturdy hoofs so in the winter it can push the snow of the vegetation it eats.

5) What are some of the mammal's behavioral adaptations to its enviroment.
The American Bison travels together in large groups of about 20 bison because there is safety in numbers.

6) Describe the role of the mammal in the food chain.
The American Bison is a consumer and a herbavore. It mostly eats grasses and sedges, but sometimes it eats berries and lichen.

7) Describe the biome your mammal lives in.
The American Bison lives on river valleys, plains, and praries. The climate is usualy hot in the summer and is usualy snowy in the winter.

8) Discus the status of the species is it plentiful, endangered, or extinct?
The American Bison is a species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. The Edangered Species Act is

9) How do humans impact your species?
Humans impact the American Bison have been hunted the American Bison since the 1500's.

10) Identify the place(s) on the map where your organism lives. Color in the map accordingly.

11) Amazing facts: "Bison" is a Greek word meaning ox-like animal. The American Bison originated in Eurasia and migrated of the Bering Strait. The American Bison is even featured on a collectable coin name the Buffalo Quarter. The American Bison's average lifespan is from twelve to twenty years.


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