Hairy-Legged Vampire Bat

1. The mammal I chose to study is:
Diphylla ecaudata
2. The common name of my mammal is:
Hairy Legged Vampire Bat

3. The classification of my mammal:
Phylum: chordata
Class: Mammalia
Family: Phylostomidae
Genus: Diphylla
Species: ecaudata

4. What are some of the animal’s physical adaptations to its environment?

  • Large front teeth that allow the bat to create a bleeding wound in the victims body
  • Blood thinner in saliva, to lap it up easily
  • Infrared vision lets it see capillaries under the skin
  • Sonar

5. What are some of the organism’s behavioral adaptations to its environment?

  • Lives among other species of bat
  • Form social bonds with other species of bat, so when help is needed, help comes

6. What is the role of your organism in the food chain? Be specific about role as a producer, consumer or decomposer. If a consumer, then describe the food preferences, like herbivore, carnivore or omnivore.

  • This organism is a consumer
  • This organism is a carnivore (The name says it all)
7. Describe the biome where this organism lives.

  • This organism lives in tropical/subtropical rainforest
  • South America
  • Likes warm, humid environments
  • Very little light reaches the forest floor, which is what bats like
  • Very life-filled biome, tons of animal and plant diversity
  • Millions of insect species live in the tropical rainforest
  • Layers (highest to lowest): Canopy, Understory, Forest Floor

8. Discuss the status of the species. Is it plentiful, threatened, endangered or extinct?

  • Plentiful
  • Humans have very little affect

9. How do humans impact your organism? (Hot Tip: Think of the HIPPO dilemma – handout)

  • Humans don't really affect D. ecaudata, but vice verse D. ecaudata feeds off of humans' cattle
  • Cause rabies into human cattle

10. Identify the place(s) on the map where your organism lives. Color in the map accordingly.

11. Amazing facts:

  • The anticoagulant in D. ecaudata is used as a blood thinning medicine for heart attacks and strokes in humans
  • These bats can sense where capillaries just under the skin are, using infrared
  • Blood is almost completely protein, so they have no fat reserves, and are extremely sensitive to the cold



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Awesome I like the pics and interesting facts
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